Salad Greens & Herbs

SALAD GREENS

(All salad greens and herbs grow well in short season areas.)

CILANTRO-Produces broad, fresh green leaves on strong stems. Excellent for bunching. Direct seed multiple sowings every two weeks for continuous supply.

GREEN LETTUCE-White seeded early growing leaf lettuce.  Always returns to my garden every year! Good for short season areas.  Successive plant to have tender lettuce all season long. 
 

MESCLUN MIX-Tat Tsoi, Mizuna, Arugula, Red Giant mustard,cress, and red orach, .  Plant in successions April-Sept!  Cut down to keep small.  Re-plant where you just pulled the garlic for autumn harvest.  Easy to grow. 45-55 days.

SPICY MUSTARD AND LETTUCE MIX-Red russian mustard with Mizuna, Tat Tsoi, Red Orach, and a mix of heat tolerant leaf lettuces of different shapes and colours. 

LETTUCE MIX-Mostly green leaf lettuce.  Good varieties to grow to save your own seed.  Replant every few weeks. Cut when 5” high. 
 

RED ORACH-Mountain Spinach-(Atriplex hotensis) Red and purple  fast growing 2” tall plant.  Pinch for bush plants.  Colourful addition to salads. Re-seeds easily and is the first to volunteer in the spring. Isolate to maintain colour.

RED GIANT MUSTARD-Strong spicy green that gives colour and zest to any salad.Strong spicy green that gives colour and zest to any salad.  Sometimes goes by Red Russian Mustard.  Pick young for less heat.

KATIE’S MUSTARD-An Heirloom from Australia with lime green wrinkled, serrated leaves. The young leaves are a mild tasting salad green. Grows bitter with age. Sow in every two weeks in spring and again in late summer. Plant seeds ¼” deep, 1”apart. Thin to4-6”. Space rows 1’ apart. Cut down to keep small and tender or grow full-sized. A cool season plant.

RUBY STREAKS-Stunning purple and green lacy leaves with a sweet, yet pungent flavour. 20-40days. Sow in every two weeks in spring and again in late summer. Plant seeds ¼” deep, 1”apart. Thin to4-6”. Space rows 1’ apart. Cut down to keep small and tender or grow full-sized. A cool season plant.

TURKISH ARUGULA-A peppery tasting salad green. Very cold tolerant as it is, usually, the last salad green the frost kills. A smaller variety compared to the “Roquette” Arugula variety.

PARSLEY-MOSS CURLED-A perennial in the Kootenay’s. Best for drying. Good source of iron and Vitamin C. Easy to grow. Does well in containers. Cold hardy.

CRESS: (Lepidium sativum) Early, self-sowing, & fast growing.  Try growing with mustard sprouts and put on egg sandwiches.

DOUKHOBOR- (Khartchatca Xap4NTca) Peppery taste. Early & cold tolerant.  Self-seeds easily.  Excellent source of Vitamin C.  A favorite variety that has been grown in BC’s interior a long time.

HERBS

ANISE HYSSOP (Agastache foeniculum) A fragrant perennial that is a great attractor of birds and bees. Its purple flowers grow on spikes from June to October and produce abundant nectar so it is a good honey plant (honey artisans note – it produces a light fragrant honey). It is the foliage which is fragrant and makes a wonderful tea and seasoning with strong anise flavor as its name suggests, but the lavender flowers are also edible and make a pretty garnish for salads and desserts. It is also used in potpourri and perfumes. The seeds are great for baking in cookies, cakes, muffins and scones. A member of the mint family, it will grow 2′-4′ (occasionally as high as 6′). Particularly lovely when intersown with daisies and echinacea. Self-sows.

BORAGE (Borago officinalis) A coarse, hairy plant growing 2′-3′ tall. It is a very good plant for bees. The mild cucumber-flavoured leaves can be used in salads, and the bright blue flowers can too, as well as floated on cold drinks. Re-seeds itself. Bees love its numerous beautiful blue star flowers.  They are a nutritious and a colourful addition to salads.  The young leaves can be cooked.  Self-sows.  The seeds contain high concentrations of GLA (20-30%), more than evening primrose. Sold out

CATNIP- An attractive plant with a pleasant fragrance. The leaves can be used in herbal teas, as a seasoning, or as a cat treat. Perennial. Grows 2-3′.  Tea induces a good night’s sleep. Remedy for colds and fevers.

DILL (Anethum graveolens) Leaves, fresh or dried, are excellent in salads, dressings and dips. Re-seeds easily.

DONG QUAI (Dang gui; Chinese angelica) This is the most important herb in China, used more often and in larger quantities then even ginseng or licorice. The thick root is said to lower blood pressure, strengthen the heart, increase coronary flow, moderate arythmia and improve circulation. It is strongly antibacterial, analgesic and anti-inflammatory, and it is used widely to regulate menstruation, to treat hepatitis and cirrhosis of the liver, shingles and to relieve the pain of rheumatism. No herb has so many documented medicinal uses! Bittersweet, aromatic relative of the European angelica (A. archangelica) reaching 1m/3ft high. Seeds need stratification to germinate. N/A

PURPLE CONEFLOWER (Echinacea pupurea) Perennial. Long lasting daisy like blooms of light purple with contrasting centres of dark maroon. Blooms July/August. 1M in height. Plant in clusters. N/A

ELECAMPANE (Inula helenium) Also known as Horseheal this medicinal herb was used since ancient time (it was a sacred herb to the Druids), mostly for all types of lung ailments, that has recently been shown  effective against the dreaded MRSA (methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus) bug, as well as a broad spectrum of other bacteria. A stout plant that grows 3-5 feet high producing myriad 2″ yellow flowers, is still used in veterinary medicine, and also in the production of absinthe. Needs light to germinate. 

EPAZOTE-Aromatic wild herb from Mexico commonly used in cooking for flavouring and degassing beans. Used in anti-parasitic formulas and digestion healing teas. Reseeds easily!

FEVERFEW (Tanacetum parthenium) An herbaceous perennial with single, daisy-like flowers.  Its spreads nicely into upright bushes about 2’-3’ tall. Self-sows.The leaves and flowers can be used in herbal teas.  A medical survey in England indicates that 1 to 4 leaves of feverfew infused in a tea or eaten in a sandwich daily reduce the number and severity of migraine attacks in some sufferers. It even has pleasant side effects including a sense of well-being, lack of tension and relief from arthritis.Historically used for fevers, migraine headaches, & menstrual cramps.

GENOVESE BASIL (Ocimum basilicum) Sweet basil grows large aromatic leaves on a big plant. Great in Pesto, tomato puree and salads. Start seeds early indoors. Plant in full sun in rich humus soil. Pinch the growing tips to harvest.  This produces a bushier plant and more leaves. Thin to 1′ apart. N/A

GERMAN CHAMOMILE (Matricaria recutita)-Boldegold-An improved strain of German chamomile for commercial production. Erect, sturdy growth habit and larger flowers containing up 0.7% essential oil high in bisabolol and other medicinal compounds.   Grow your own carpet of flowers to harvest for a healthy tea.

LAVENDER (Lavendula angustifolia) Very pretty blue perennial fragrant flowers with a dusty foilage make this a true garden delight. N/A

LIATRUS-Grow in full sun in well-drained soil with average moisture.  Plant in the perennial border, cut flower garden, prairie or wild flower meadow. Height 24-36”. Spreads 12-18”. Transplant outside when large enough to handle.

LOVAGE (Levisticum officinalis) It adds a strong celery flavour to soups, meat, and sauces. An essential in creating flavourful stock. A hardy perennial for sunny locations. Grows 4′. N/A

MARSHMALLOW (Altheae officinalis) Its roots are noted for soothing irritations and inflammations of the skin, throat, eyes, lungs and urinary organs in herbal preparations.

MOTHERWORT (Leonurau cardica) Especially valuable for women and mothers.  Said to be a gentle sedative to calm the nervous system, and strengthen the heart.  This leafy 2-3′ tall herb has pink salvia type flowers. N/A

ST. JOHN’S WORT-Common roadside herb. Blooms for a long time. Bright yellow flowers are used in herbal oil infusions for many things. If applied to skin it can cause a sensitivity to light and can interact with medications.

SWEET CICELY-Perennial licorice tasting fern. Grows well in shade or sun.  Seeds need to be cold stratified, so place in the freezer for two weeks for better germination. Sold out.

PARSLEY

MOSS CURLED-A perennial in the Kootenay’s. Best for drying. Good source of iron and Vitamin C. Easy to grow. Does well in containers. Cold hardy.

TOBACCO+HUICHOL + White flowers and short narrow leaves.  Prune off flowers to grow larger leaves.  Fertilize well. Grows 2′ tall. 

+HOPI+Yellow flowers and broad leaves.  Prune off flowers to grow larger leaves.  Fertilize well.  Grows 2’+ tall.  Tobacco plants can be used to make natural insecticides.

1000 YEAR OLD TOBACCO-Said to have originally been found in a First Nation’s burial site in an excavated urn near the Great Lakes.  This variety is similar to the Hopi, as it grows short and with big leaves. I noticed the resin amount differed between the varieties.  This one was slightly less. Therefore less bugs would stick to the leaves by harvest time.

JASMINE NIGHT SCENTED-Short resinous plant with small leaves. The small white trumpet flowers grow off a tall stock from the base of the plant. Plant in a pot on your deck as it exudes a beautiful smell in the evening.  Direct seed.

VIRGINIANA-This tall 6′ variety grows large resinous leaves and pink flowers.  Similar to common commercial varieties.  Can be used as a deterrent plant for aphids or made into an organic insecticide by soaking the leaves.

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